Hungary - Duna-Gerecse
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The Csillag Fortress is the oldest among the forts standing on the right bank of the Danube. Already in Turkish times, the Saint Peter stockade stood here. It was constructed by the river in 1586 to protect the boat bridge across the Danube. During the Napoleonic wars it became necessary to construct a fort, which had a somewhat similar form as seen today, but which was built simply from bricks.
During the 1848-49 War of Independence, among the then forts of Komárom the heaviest fighting took place for the Csillag Fortress. The fortress stood alone, in the middle of a marshy area on the right bank of the Danube, opposite the central fortresses, where the Hungarian general, György Klapka, had his headquarters. It defended the bridge which connected with the forts on the other side. The bridge was continually destroyed by Austrian artillery, but Komárom’s brave boat builders always managed to reconstruct it in the course of one, or at most two nights. Of the 12,000 soldiers defending the town, there were times when three or four thousand were deployed just to defend the fort, since if it fell Austrian artillery would then be able to fire on the main fortresses.
The Csillag Fortress received its current form in the period following the War of Independence. In line with the then new strategic concepts, it was rebuilt with limestone, which was a more durable material. A special point of interest about the fortress is that currently it is the only one in Komárom which is surrounded by a moat. Its name derives from its shape. Looking from above, you would see a building with four bastions giving the appearance of a four-pointed star. Cannons could be placed in the parapets formed at the peaks of the star. The exterior moat and the walls surrounded an inner fort and barracks.
With the development of modern cannons in the 1860s, Komárom’s fortress network, and with it the Csillag Fort, militarily gradually became outdated. In fact there were no real battles on the fortress territory, either in the First or the Second World War. Rather it was used as a barracks and munitions store right up to 1944. During the following short period of a couple of years, it unfortunately became the scene of tragedy for three groups of people. First it was used by the Hungarian fascist Arrow Cross, who brought here Jews and gypsies from the region. After spending several weeks in inhuman conditions, they were deported to forced labour camps. The then mayor of the town, Gáspár Alapy, tried to prevent this and in the south Komárom Town Hall, in the presence of Arrow Cross and German officers, declared: “I forbid the deportation of any citizen of Komárom, whatever their race or religion.” Given the circumstances of the time, because of his declaration, he, too, was taken away, to Dachau, where he died a martyr for his fellow human beings.
After the Second World War, the communist and the Soviet authorities used the fort to imprison Swabian, but mainly Hungarian-speaking people from the region, on the grounds that they were war criminals. Such were the similarities with the Arrow Cross times, that a Komárom lawyer addressed a personal letter to Cardinal József Mindszenti, asking him to intervene to improve the conditions. Using his influence, he managed to achieve that.
A WALK IN THE COURTYARD OF TATA CASTLE
On hearing the name of the small, atmospheric town Tata, what usually comes to mind first of all is an image of the castle standing on the shore of Lake Öreg. It’s no wonder, since the former favoured summer residence of both Sigismund of Luxembourg and King Matthias is a defining element of the landscape. This walk gives an overall picture of the history of the fortress and its reconstruction undertaken in different periods, the still-distinguishable buildings of its courtyard and its surviving relics.
DUNAALMÁS – SZOMÓD TOUR
You can take part in an adventurous travel in history, natural history and even literature in the north-western region of the Gerecse Hills.
KOCS VILLAGE WALK
Welcome to Kocs! Are you curious about the origin of the English word coach? About what kind of misconceptions are spread about the village and the coach? About how the villagers lived in olden times? Would you like to hear interesting things about the past and the present? The tour will provide some answers.
KOMÁROM – TATA BICYCLE TOUR
On your bikes! Are you ready for pleasant adventures in Roman times?
This walk covers the rich history of Komárom and conveniently includes the most important sights.
KOMÁROM’S FORTRESSES (BY BICYCLE)
Following this bicycle tour, it’s easy to discover Komárom, ‘the town of fortresses’.
NESZMÉLY VILLAGE TOUR
The tour presents the built and natural endowments of Neszmély, which is situated by Europe’s ‘Blue Ribbon’, the Danube.
Are you ready for taking a wonderful walk in the heart of the Gerecse Nature Park?
ROUND TOUR OF LAKES
Round tour of lakes – Tata- Által Stream Valley cycle path (connecting with nature trail) – Vértesszőlős – Tata – Réti fishing lakes, Naszály-Ferencmajor fishing lakes – Fényes Spa nature protection area (connection with the nature trail being created here) – Lake Tata tour.
TARDOS – DANUBE-GERECSE HEIGHTS
You can participate in a fantastic tour in Tardos in the High Gerecse Hills. You can learn about the flora and fauna of the hills, and the story of Tardos red marble.
TATA - BAJ - AGOSTYÁN - TATA
On your bikes! Come with us to the wonderful Gerecse forest. Learn as much as possible about the hillside of Baj, with its vineyards. If you keep your eyes open, you could also get to know the local delicacies.
TATA – ADVENTURES ON ANCIENT WAVES
Visiting Hungary’s oldest, more than 600-year-old fishing lake, the question may arise, whether lakes change over the centuries. Was Tata’s Lake Öreg the same when King Sigismund or King Matthias saw it, or did it look completely different in the 14th and 15th centuries? You can learn the answer if you follow this walking route.
TATA AND ITS VICINITY - A ROUNDTRIP BY BIKE
Up to your bike! Are you ready for a pleasant trip around Tata and its vicinity?
This walk covers the town’s most frequently visited places, the most important natural and built treasures that give Tata its unique atmosphere.
If you join us for the walk in Tatabánya you can learn about the past and the present of this former mining town.
TATTAMI ADVENTURE GAME
You will play an important role in discovering our legend from Tata in our virtual story once you have gotten into it because it depends already on you whether you can manage to improve the ill-starred present by changing the events of the past.
THE WAY OF WATERS – DISCOVERING THE TATA MILLS
The abundance of crystal-clear spring waters represented the magic of Tata, known as the ‘town of waters’. The trades of miller and fuller were important factors in the economic life of the former market town. Malom (Mill) Stream fed by springs breaking out in the English Park, as well as the Által Stream, which plays an important role in the water supply of Lake Öreg, drove the wheels of several water mills.
VÉRTESSZŐLŐS VILLAGE WALK
This walk introduces the village of Vértesszőlős with its significant archaeological finds, rich ethnic traditions and wonderful natural endowments. In addition to the Vértesszőlős Prehistoric Settlement – well-known to many people – it also draws attention to the not-so-well known treasures of the village. We hope that by following the route you will be able gain an insight into the life of Vértesszőlős, which lies at the foot of the Gerecse Hills.
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