Bulgaria - Veliko Tarnovo
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The Asenevtsi monument is dedicated to the brothers Asen, Petar, Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II. It was built in 1985 to celebrate the 800th anniversary of the uprising of Asen and Petar, which led to the liberation of Bulgaria from the Byzantine Empire. The sword located in the middle is a symbol of the power and prosperity of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom.
The Asenevtsi ruled the medieval Bulgarian state, called in modern historiography the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, between 1187 and 1280.
Early rulers from the Asen dynasty (particularly Kaloyan) referred to themselves as „Emperors of Bulgarians and Vlachs“. Later rulers, especially the successful Ivan Asen II, styled themselves „Tsars (Emperors) of Bulgarians and Greeks“.
NATIONAL ARCHITECTURAL RESERVE ARBANASI (DEMO)
The earliest information about the existing of Arbanasi is from the end of XV c. In this time it was owned by high-ranking dignitaries in the Ottoman Empire. The legalized privileges made Arbanasi a very attractive place for living. There were citizens with Albanian, Bulgarian, Greek and Romanian origin. There were 1000 houses in XVII c, when the time of economic boom of the village was. The architecture of the buildings was very characteristic – the houses were like fortresses, surrounded by high stone walls as the Konstantsalieva’s House, the Kandilarova’s House etc. The church had a principal role in the life of the village. Since the middle of XVI c. to the end of XVIII c. 7 churches were built and decorated.
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